Design and Analysis of Polymeric Systems (B-KUL-H09E2A)

3 ECTSEnglish20 First termFirst term
POC Chemische ingenieurstechnieken

This is an advanced course that focuses on several selected topics to deepen the knowledge on polymer science and technology. The first part focusses on the relation of polymer synthesis and the resulting structural parameters of polymers. The second part introduces modern analytical techniques to identify structural parameters of polymers and to relate them to their physical properties in solid state and solution. The third part relates to raw material sources for polymers also of biopolymeric origins. The last part concentrates on the design of typical polymerization processes and polymers. 


You can only take this course if you have to acquire no more than 96 credits to obtain your degree.


3 ects. Design and Analysis of Polymeric Systems (B-KUL-H09E2a)

3 ECTSEnglishFormat: Lecture20 First termFirst term
POC Chemische ingenieurstechnieken


1 Polymerization Types
1.1 Step growth polymerization
1.1.1 Polyaddition and polycondensation Example: Polyesters and polyterephthalates
1.1.2 Excursus: Molecular weight distribution (MWD) Example: Blood plasma volume expander
1.1.3 Relation of MWD and step growth reactions Example: Kevlar
1.1.4 Kinetics and chain length of step growth reactions
1.1.5 Non-linear step growth reactions
1.1.6 Flory-Stockmayer statistics Example: Phenol Formaldehyde, Melamine and Urea Resins Example: Epoxy Example: Polyurethanes
1.2 Chain growth polymerization
1.2.1 Initiation and initiators and wastage reactions
1.2.2 Propagation and termination
1.2.3 Steady state assumption and kinetic chain length
1.2.4 Chain transfer
1.2.5 MWD and chain growth polymerization
1.2.6 Trommsdorff effect
1.2.7 Temperature effects and Ceyling Temperature
1.2.8 Heterogeneous Chain growth reactions
1.2.9 Kinetics of the emulsion polymerization
1.2.10 Cationic polymerization Example Butyl rubber
1.2.11 Anionic polymerization Example: Super Glue
1.2.12 Living polymerization
1.2.13 Distribution Functions
1.2.14 Inhibition
1.2.15 Other polymerization reaction types

2 Structural Polymer Analysis
2.1 Structure and Conformation of Polymers
2.2 Spectroscopic Methods
2.2.1 IR Spectroscopy
2.2.2 General NMR Spectroscopy
2.2.3 Analysis of the Tacticity of Polymers
2.2.4 Configurative Isomers of Polymers Example: Polydienes and natural rubber
2.2.5 Excursus: Stereoselective Polymerization
2.3 Scattering Methods
2.3.1 X-ray Scattering
2.3.2 Crystalline structures of Polymers
2.3.3 Crystallization - thermodynamics and kinetics
2.3.4 Unit cells in polymer crystals
2.3.5 Wide and Small Angle Scattering (SAXS and WAXS)
2.3.6 Excursus: Colligative Properties and Osmometry
2.3.7 Static Light Scattering from small particles
2.3.8 Static Light Scattering from larger polymers in solution
2.3.9 Zimm Diagram
2.3.10 Polymer coil dimensions in solution
2.3.11 Dynamic Light Scattering
2.4 Viscometry
2.4.1 Einstein model
2.4.2 The intrinsic Viscosity
2.4.3 Huggins relation and critical concentration
2.4.4 Mark-Houwink relation
2.4.5 Influence parameters on the hydrodynamic dimensions
2.4.6 Polyelectrolytes in solution - Polyelectrolyte titration
2.4.7 Ultrasonic Degradation of Polymers
2.4.8 Viscosity Average molecular weight
2.5 Fractionation Methods
2.5.1 Precipitation Fractionation
2.5.2 Size Exclusion Chromatography (SEC)
2.5.3 Field Flow Fractionation (FFF)
2.5.4 Hyphenated Techniques
2.6 Other Analytical Techniques
2.6.1 Endgroup Analysis

3 Rawmaterials for Polymers
3.1 Monomers
3.1.1 Crude oil based monomers
3.1.2 Monomers from Bio-refinery
3.1.3 Biopolymers
3.2 Biodegradable Polymers
3.2.1 Vegetable oil based polymers
3.2.2 Polycaprolactame, -acid, and alcohol
3.3 Polysaccharides
3.3.1 Cellulose and -derivatives
3.3.2 Starch
3.3.3 Chitosan
3.3.4 Galactomannans
3.4 Fermantation Polymers
3.4.1 Xanthan Gum, Pullulan and Dextran
3.4.2 Polyhydroxyalcanoates
3.5 Proteins

4 Polymerization Processes
4.1 Design Criteria
4.2 Bulk Polymerization
4.2.1 Example: Methyl methacrylate
4.2.2 Stirred bulk polymerization
4.3 Solution Polymerization
4.3.1 All components soluble
4.3.2 Insoluble initiator and polymer Slurry reactor Gas phase polymerization
4.4 Suspension polymerization

5 Typical Polymers one should know
5.1 Thermosets
5.2 Thermoplastic

handout of course slides / electronic version available via Toledo

recommended book: "Polymers: Chemistry and Physics of Modern Materials (Third edition)" JMG Cowie and V Arrighi, CRC Press, 2008


Evaluation : Design and Analysis of Polymeric Systems (B-KUL-H29E2a)

Type : Exam during the examination period
Description of evaluation : Oral
Type of questions : Open questions
Learning material : None

Oral exam with written (closed book) preparation.