This course wants to offer an overview of all technical aspects of measurements and stimulation on the human body. Students will receive an overview of the different measuring techniques and will be acquainted with the special aspects of clinical circumstances.
Knowledge of sensors and measuring techniques is desirable.
Basic concepts of electronics.
Having obtained credits for a basic course of Electronics, such as the course in the Bachelor of Applied Sciences and Engineering.
H01B2A: Electricity and magnetism or a comparable course.
Although it is not absolutely required, knowledge of sensors and measuring techniques is an advantage for the student.
Is also included in other courses
- Master in de bio-ingenieurswetenschappen: biosysteemtechniek (Major: Human Health Engineering) 120 ects.
- Master in de ingenieurswetenschappen: biomedische technologie 120 ects.
- Master in de ingenieurswetenschappen: biomedische technologie, programma voor industrieel ingenieurs of master industriële wetenschappen (aanverwante richting) 120 ects.
- Postgraduate Programme in Biomedical Engineering 39 ects.
- Master of Engineering: Biomedical Engineering 120 ects.
- Master in de ingenieurswetenschappen: elektrotechniek (nieuw programma, start in 2011-2012) (Electronics and Integrated Circuits) 120 ects.
- Master in de ingenieurswetenschappen: elektrotechniek (nieuw programma, start in 2011-2012) (Embedded Systems and Multimedia) 120 ects.
- Master of Engineering: Electrical Engineering (new programme, starts in 2011-2012) (Electronics and Integrated Circuits) 120 ects.
- Master of Engineering: Electrical Engineering (new programme, starts in 2011-2012) (Embedded Systems and Multimedia) 120 ects.
This course attempts to discuss all aspects that are important for instrumentation in a biomedical environment.
An important part goes to signal caption (sensors). First order signal processing will be discussed, and methods to measure and administer (stimulation) biosignals will be discussed. Afterwards, attention goes to total systems, which can be autonomously operational within the body (e.g. a pacemaker). Aspects of implants such as packaging and biocompatibility will be dealt with. Finally, attention will go to the typical aspects of measuring in clinical circumstances: patient safety.
- Demands for biomedical systems
- Construction of sensors: miniaturisation problem
- Micromachining techniques
- Piezoresistant pressure sensors
- Alternative principles: capacitive, resonant, piezoelectric
Temperature-, flow sensors, optical, magnetic sensors
- Principles and miniturisation
- Amperometry, conductometry
- Total analysis systems
Biopotentials, electrode pre-amplifiers, instrumentation
- Discussion of all biopotentials
- Electrode configurations
- Measuring amplifiers
- EMG monitoring
- Principles and methods
- Electrodes and tissue interface problems
Implants and biotelemetry
- Magnetic power coupling
- Demands for casing and biocompatibility
- Data transition
- Example: pacemaker
- Orthopedic implants
Description of learning activities
Syllabus by the teacher
1.17 ects. Biomedical Measurements and Stimulation: Exercises and Laboratory Sessions (B-KUL-H03H8a)
In a first series of sessions, we will further look into the instrumentation circuits that are typical for biomedical measurements. In this way, the students are reminded of the importance of common mode rejection. After an arithmetical exposition, the students have to evaluate their own ECG with a practical circuit and compare the different techniques.
A second part of the exercises consists of seminars and demonstrations of research of doctoral students from the MICAS research group. In this manner, the students are brought into contact with the practical state of affairs.
Description of learning activities
Part 1: evaluating calculating exercises and practical circuits. Handling ECG. This occurs in the form of exercise sessions and lab sessions.
Part 2: acquiring insight into the latest state of instrumentation and communication. This occurs in the form of seminars and demonstrations in the laboratory.