Environmental Microbiology (B-KUL-I0N96A)

This is a translated version. Original version in Dutch.
5.0 ECTS Dutch 52.0 First termFirst term Advanced Cannot be taken as part of an examination contract
Springael Dirk |  Horemans Benjamin (substitute) |  Vaysse Pierre-Joseph (substitute) |  Ozturk Basak (substitute) |  Horemans Benjamin (substitute) |  Vaysse Pierre-Joseph (substitute) |  Ozturk Basak (substitute)  | LessMore
POC Bachelor Bio-ingenieurswetenschappen

The course aims at passing knowledge about the micro-biology and the microbiological processes of biotechnological systems, applied in environmental technology, in which attention will be paid to biochemical mechanisms involved in pollutant-removal, the phylogeny of the organisms concerned, the monitoring of the organisms concerned and their activity and their application in de treatment of polluted soil, water and air and in waste-disposal.

 

General knowledge of microbiology, microbial genetics and biochemistry

Activities

4.0 ects. Environmental Microbiology (B-KUL-I0N96a)

4.0 ECTSDutchFormat: Lecture26.0First termFirst term
Springael Dirk |  Horemans Benjamin (substitute) |  Vaysse Pierre-Joseph (substitute) |  Ozturk Basak (substitute)
POC Bachelor Bio-ingenieurswetenschappen

The course includes 4 main parts. The first part concerns the pollutants itself, their behaviour in the environment and the consequences of this behaviour on the application of microbial processes for pollutant removal. A second part looks at the different mechanisms (biochemically and genetically) used by micro-organisms to deal with pollutants including aerobic and anaerobic pathways for organic xenobiotic degradation, resistance to and interaction with heavy metals and mechanisms for nutrient removal (nitrogen and phosphor) and the associated phylogeny of the organisms. The third part includes the presentation of different methods to monitor individual and populations of microorganisms in treatment systems based on culture-dependent and culture-independent methods and to monitor their activity by means of physico-chemical measurements and molecular biology tools. Part 4 deals with the application of the micro-organisms and the technology involved in treatment of polluted soils and, groundwater (ex situ and in situ systems), water (activated sludge and anaerobic systems), and solid waste (composting and anaerobic treatment).

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The course consists of 4 parts. In a first part, attention will be paid to the pollutants themselves, to their behaviour concerning distribution in the environment and to the repercussions thereof on the possible application of biological systems for the removal of pollutants from that environment. Furthermore, as an introduction to the course, there will be attention for generallt used terms in environmentam biotechnology. A second part covers the various mechanisms organisms use use in dealing with pollutions. There will be attention for microbial decomposition ways of organic pollutants (both under aerobic as well as anaerobic circumstances), for microbial resistance mechanisms of heavy metals, for possible removal mechanisms from heavy metals and to conclude for biological mechanisms that can be used for nutrient (nitrogen and phosphate) removal. This can be studied both on a biochemical as well as on a genetical level. Moreover, there will also be paid attention to genetical mechanisms that played a role in adaptation. Besides features that relate directly to pollutant removal, also other features will be studied, who can contribute to an optimal contaminant removal by the organisms concerned in specific environments. A third part will be devoted to methods for monitoring bioremediation activities and the behaviour of  organisms in a polluted environment, including methods based on detection of the pollutant, detection of possible decomposition production and isotopic analysis and microbiological and PCR-based molecular methods. Part 4 provides the application of de terms covered in parts 1 until 3 in the biological treatment of contaminated soils (ex situ and in situ), in the treatment of garden and domestic waste (solid waste), in the treatment of domestic and industrial wastewater, and the treatment of air pollutions.

1.0 ects. Environmental Microbiology: Practical Exercises (B-KUL-I0N97a)

1.0 ECTSDutchFormat: Practical26.0First termFirst term
Springael Dirk |  Horemans Benjamin (substitute) |  Vaysse Pierre-Joseph (substitute) |  Ozturk Basak (substitute)
POC Bachelor Bio-ingenieurswetenschappen

The course includes 4 main parts. The first part concerns the pollutants itself, their behaviour in the environment and the consequences of this behaviour on the application of microbial processes for pollutant removal. A second part looks at the different mechanisms (biochemically and genetically) used by micro-organisms to deal with pollutants including aerobic and anaerobic pathways for organic xenobiotic degradation, resistance to and interaction with heavy metals and mechanisms for nutrient removal (nitrogen and phosphor) and the associated phylogeny of the organisms. The third part includes the presentation of different methods to monitor individual and populations of microorganisms in treatment systems based on culture-dependent and culture-independent methods and to monitor their activity by means of physico-chemical measurements and molecular biology tools. Part 4 deals with the application of the micro-organisms and the technology involved in treatment of polluted soils and, groundwater (ex situ and in situ systems), water (activated sludge and anaerobic systems), and solid waste (composting and anaerobic treatment).

*

The course consists of 4 parts. In a first part, attention will be paid to the pollutants themselves, to their behaviour concerning distribution in the environment and to the repercussions thereof on the possible application of biological systems for the removal of pollutants from that environment. Furthermore, as an introduction to the course, there will be attention for generallt used terms in environmentam biotechnology. A second part covers the various mechanisms organisms use use in dealing with pollutions. There will be attention for microbial decomposition ways of organic pollutants (both under aerobic as well as anaerobic circumstances), for microbial resistance mechanisms of heavy metals, for possible removal mechanisms from heavy metals and to conclude for biological mechanisms that can be used for nutrient (nitrogen and phosphate) removal. This can be studied both on a biochemical as well as on a genetical level. Moreover, there will also be paid attention to genetical mechanisms that played a role in adaptation. Besides features that relate directly to pollutant removal, also other features will be studied, who can contribute to an optimal contaminant removal by the organisms concerned in specific environments. A third part will be devoted to methods for monitoring bioremediation activities and the behaviour of  organisms in a polluted environment, including methods based on detection of the pollutant, detection of possible decomposition production and isotopic analysis and microbiological and PCR-based molecular methods. Part 4 provides the application of de terms covered in parts 1 until 3 in the biological treatment of contaminated soils (ex situ and in situ), in the treatment of garden and domestic waste (solid waste), in the treatment of domestic and industrial wastewater, and the treatment of air pollutions.

Evaluation

Evaluation : Environmental Microbiology (B-KUL-I2N96a)

Type : Exam during the examination period
Description of evaluation : Oral, Written
Type of questions : Open questions
Learning material : None