The course aims to give insight in the problem of developing countries from the geographical point of view. Four approaches are entangled: historical perspective, insight in the relationship of developing countries with the developed countries and the world economy, an approach that combines international, national, regional and local geographic scales and an approach that considers the relation between society and physical environment as the framework for sustainability.
Basic knowledge physical and social and economic geography.
Articles and literature
Slides, transparencies, courseware
Toledo / e-platform
Is also included in other courses
The course contains 6 parts:
The first part treats the classical analysis of the question of development and developing countries (Rostow, Clark), analyses critically the measurements of development and gives a descriptive overview of the diversity of developing countries.
The second part supplies theoretical elements to understand the spatial organization of economic development and differentiates between capitalist and socialist developing routes.
The third part historically treats the beginning and the growth of the developing question from the end of the 15th century till today (world system analysis of Wallerstein)
The fourth part provides an overview of the physical geographical characteristics and processes that determine the developing question in agriculture and resource exploitation: climate and climate changes, soil, soil degradation and soil conservation, biodiversity and deforestation and brings these elements in relation to the human action and the balance of power on different scales.
The fifth part analyses developmental strategies and their geographic dimension, with emphasis on front development, land reform and industrialization.
In the last part these different elements are summarized in an overview of geographic structures, historical developments and the current developing questions in Latin-America, sub-Saharic Africa and South-east Asia. According to the interest of the students other subjects can be treated.
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